This week on the Pat Kenny Show (see the foot of this post for the podcast), we discussed the latest stray dog statistics from Ireland’s dog pounds, which show a welcome downwards trend. As an “extra” to this discussion, it’s worth looking at the background to this issue in more detail.
What’s the history of stray dogs in Ireland?
My involvement started twenty five years ago
When I started working as a vet here in 1991, nearly thirty thousand stray dogs were killed in Ireland’s dog pounds every year. In comparison, the UK with a far higher human population euthanased less than ten thousand dogs. In response to this outrageous situation, the National Stray Dog Forum was set up as a way of gathering together input from veterinary organisations, animal rescue groups, local authority representatives, and other groups like the Gardai and politicians.
An action list was drawn up, as follows
Responsible pet ownership was to be encouraged.
An annual spay/neuter awareness week was one of the initiatives but there have been many others that have taken place over the past twenty years. At the same time, a nationwide subsidised neutering scheme for dogs was set up by the Dogs Trust charity which complemented other schemes run by charities like the Blue Cross and the DSPCA. Finally, the new Animal Health and Welfare Act was introduced in 2013, specifying the responsibilities that pet owners have to look after animals in their care.
Local authorities had a number of issues to deal with
The day to day running of dog pounds was in the hands of the local authorities, and it was recognised that many changes were needed to stem the mass euthanasia of dogs. There have been many changes, and dog pounds now liaise closely with dedicated and hard working local animal rescue groups to rehome dogs that would previously have been euthanased.
Microchipping was to be made compulsory.
Even twenty years ago, it was obvious that compulsory microchipping of dogs would help the stray dog problem. Since April 2016, every dog in Ireland has had to be microchipped and registered, and while this will not have affected the 2015 statistics, it’s hoped that there will be an impact in 2016.
The dog licence system was to be reviewed.
This is an area that has still not been addressed, with less than half of dog owners complying with the law. It’s clear that this is an area that needs to be tackled: a voluntary tax is not sustainable in the long term. With many other pressing government priorities just now, it seems unlikely that this will be tackled in the near future.
Regulation of puppy farms was to be addressed.
Twenty years ago, we all agreed that legislation was needed. This happened, with the Dog Breeding Establishment Act 2010, and while this needs continuing modification to address issues, it has helped to regularise this trade. While there is a need for puppy production to satisfy the demands of new dog owners, the puppies and the new owners need to be protected by legislation so that puppies are reared in a way that makes them healthy, happy and suitable for living in modern homes.
What has been the impact of these changes?
In the 1990’s between 25 and 30000 dogs were killed every year. The latest Irish Pound figures from 2015 show that 1,824 dogs were destroyed in Irish pounds in 2015. This is a massive improvement on the historic figures, and it’s a 37% decrease on 2014, which is a welcome trend.
One ongoing issue is the high percentage of registered greyhounds entering and dying in the Pound system. Of the 366 greyhounds entering the pound system last year, 203 were destroyed (55%). Dogs Trust and other animal welfare groups are calling on owners and trainers of racing greyhounds to make adequate provision for their rehoming once their racing careers end so that this high percentage can be tackled.
Questions from listeners
As usual on the Pat Kenny Show vet spot, I answered a number of interesting questions for callers, including the following:
- How can you stop a dog from chasing, catching and killing hedgehogs?
- Could a dog go blind from an eye infection?
- Why do dogs and cats need rabies vaccinations to travel to the UK when both countries are rabies-free?
- What’s a suitable dog breed for a household that’s allergic to dogs?